Neuromuscular Therapy (NMT) happens to be a modern and logical massage therapy. It is founded on an understanding of the functions of the neuromuscular system. The principles of the neuromuscular therapy help the therapist in understanding the cause of your pain i.e. the trigger points, the posture, etc, and also how to treat it. The nervous system is the backbone of your body and controls everything including pain and muscle tension.
It is the most effective therapy for reducing lower back pain. Neuromuscular therapy is also known as trigger point myotherapy in some places. The American Academy of Pain Management has recognised this technique of massage therapy as the most effective treatment for back pain that is usually caused by an injury of the soft tissue.
The technique of Neuromuscular Massage Therapy
Alternating levels of concentrated pressure is applied on the areas that are experiencing muscle spasms. The pressure is applied using the fingers, knuckles or elbow. It is very important that the amount of pressure applied to the muscle spasm remains the same for about 10–30 seconds.
The approach of Neuromuscular Therapy
It is a very detail-oriented massage therapy that focuses on muscles, connective tissue, tendons, ligaments, etc. The precision of this massage therapy helps release tension from the problem areas usually missed during a general massage.
The thumb or fingertips are used to explore the muscles and tissues while performing a neuromuscular massage. The elbows and forearms are only used when it is necessary. The tense muscles in the body often form bands of muscle fibres that are even more tighter than the other muscles in your body.
Neuromuscular Therapy also includes the treatments for the craniosacral system, connective tissues, joints and internal organs. Pain can be caused due to a problem in any of the systems of the body by the creation of high-intensity nerve impulses, which stimulate muscles to contract.
• Neuromuscular Therapy is based on the following principles
• The Adhesions of body structures i.e. they can be glued together.
• Facilitation of the tendency of the nervous system to easily do what it has done multiple times before.
• Hypertonicity, which is an excess of tension in the body muscles.
• The restriction of blood flow to a particular body part known as ischemia.
• Joint Fixation, where very tight joints can create tension in the body muscles.
• Nerve Compression is caused when a bones or cartilage is pressed on the nerve.
• Nerve Entrapment is the result of tight muscles entraping nerves.
• Muscle tension can cause pain when the tension crosses the pain threshold.
• Misalignment of the body in gravity can lead to muscle tensions that can cause a postural distortion.
• The body has points of high electrical activity that have the ability to send pain to areas away from it. These points are known as trigger points.
The massage therapist understands all these points and uses this knowledge to help reduce any kind of pain or discomfort during Neuromuscular Therapy.